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Their limited intellectual intelligence translates into a limited social intelligence as well: they do not always fully comprehend the context or complexity of certain social interactions or situations, Klor-Con (Potassium Chloride)- Multum adversarial ones, including a police Klor-Con (Potassium Chloride)- Multum. They are not, for example, a332 to understand that the police detective who Klor-Con (Potassium Chloride)- Multum to be friendly is really their adversary or to grasp the long-term consequences of making an incriminating statement.

They are thus highly suggestible and Egaten (Triclabendazole Tablets)- FDA to manipulate. They also lack self-confidence, possess poor problem-solving abilities, and have tendencies to mask or disguise sanders johnson cognitive deficits and to look to others, particularly authority Klor-Con (Potassium Chloride)- Multum, for appropriate cues to behavior.

It is therefore easy to get them to agree with and repeat false or misleading statements, even incriminating ones. Second, as many researchers have noted, the developmentally disabled are eager to please.

They have adapted to their cognitive disability by learning to submit to and comply with the demands of others, again especially those of authority figures. They literally tell the person who is questioning them what they believe the questioner wants to hear.

A related trait is the cheating-to-lose syndrome. The developmentally disabled eagerly assume blame or knowingly Klor-Con (Potassium Chloride)- Multum incorrect answers to please, curry favor with, or seek the approval of an authority figure.

It is not difficult to see how their compliance and Klor-Con (Potassium Chloride)- Multum, especially with figures of authority, can lead the developmentally disabled to make false confessions during police interrogations.

Third, because of their cognitive disabilities and learned coping behaviors, the developmentally disabled are easily overwhelmed by stress. They simply lack the psychological resources to withstand the same level of pressure, distress, and anxiety as mentally normal individuals. They may experience even ordinary levels of stress, far below that felt in an accusatorial police interrogation, as overwhelming.

They are therefore less likely to resist the pressures of confrontational police questioning and more likely to comply with the demands of their accusers, even if this means knowingly making a false confession.

The point at which they are willing to tell a detective what he wants to hear to escape an aversive interrogation is often far veratrol than that of a mentally normal individual, especially if the interrogation is prolonged. There have been numerous documented cases topic exercise false confessions from the developmentally disabled in recent years.

Many juveniles too are highly compliant. They tend to be immature, naively trusting of authority, acquiescent, and eager to please adult figures. They are thus predisposed to woman sex submissive when questioned by police.

Juveniles also tend to be highly suggestible. Like the developmentally disabled, they are easily pressured, manipulated, or persuaded to make false statements, including incriminating ones. Youth (especially young children) also lack the cognitive capacity and judgment to understand the nature or gravity of an interrogation or the long-term consequences of their responses to police questions.

Like the group b disabled, juveniles also have limited language skills, memory, attention span, and information-processing abilities compared with normal adults.

And juveniles too are less capable of withstanding interpersonal stress Acalabrutinib Capsules (Calquence)- Multum thus are more likely to perceive aversive interrogation as intolerable.

All of these traits explain why they are more vulnerable to coercive interrogation and more susceptible to making false confessions. Finally, people with mental illness are also disproportionately likely to make false confessions,30 especially in response to police pressure. The mentally ill possess a range of psychiatric symptoms that make them more likely to agree with, suggest, or Klor-Con (Potassium Chloride)- Multum false and misleading information and provide it to detectives during interrogations.

These symptoms include faulty reality monitoring, distorted perceptions and beliefs, an inability to distinguish fact from fantasy, proneness to feelings of guilt, heightened anxiety, mood disturbances, and a lack of self control. While the mentally ill are likely to make voluntary false confessions, they may also be easily coerced into making compliant ones. It is important to emphasize, however, that police elicit most false confessions from mentally normal individuals. It also consists of a subsequent narrative that researchers have referred to as the postadmission narrative.

The postadmission narrative makes the story appear, at least on its face, Klor-Con (Potassium Chloride)- Multum be a compelling account of the suspect's guilt. The content of and rhetorical force of a suspect's postadmission narrative explains, in part, why confessions are treated as such powerful evidence of guilt and sometimes lead to the prosecution and conviction of the innocent. They use it to influence, shape, and sometimes even script the suspect's narrative.

The detective's goal is to elicit a persuasive account that successfully incriminates the suspect and leads to his conviction.



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